As we grow older, some signs confirm that we are aging, and wrinkles are one of these signs. Although wrinkles are natural, you can prevent the early formation of wrinkles on your face. This How Wrinkles Form and How To Prevent Them blog post will outline the causes of wrinkles and ways you can retain your smooth and young skin.
Types of Wrinkles and Fine Lines
Dynamic and static wrinkles are the two main types of wrinkles and fine lines. Dynamic wrinkles are associated with facial expressions caused by emotions. This type of wrinkle appears when you cry, smile, frown, act surprised, or express fear and joy. They, however, vanish when these emotions cease.
On the other hand, static wrinkles are deeper, and the loss of collagen and elastin fibers by the skin causes the wrinkles. Collagen and elastin help structure your skin and retain elasticity. Meanwhile, as you age, its production reduces, and the skin loses its elasticity, causing wrinkles.
Prevention of Wrinkles and Fine Lines
The following are some ways to avoid early wrinkles on your skin:
Use quality skin-care products and sunscreen: to prevent early skin aging. Ensure you use quality skin-care products, including a hydrating anti-wrinkle moisturizer from well-known brands on the market. Also, ensure that the product’s sun protection factor (SPF) is above 15.
Furthermore, your sunscreen should be broad-spectrum; a broad-spectrum sunscreen blocks both ultraviolet A and B rays. Apply your sunscreen well and repeatedly, mostly when sunbathing and swimming.
Don’t Expose Yourself to the Sun: always protect your skin from the sun. Don’t stay under the sun, and if you must be under the sun, ensure you wear sunglasses, broad hats, and shirts with long hands. Also, apply sunscreen to your skin.
Always Moisturize Your Skin: dry skin will increase the chances of early skin wrinkles and fine lines. Make sure your skin remains moisturized. This will hydrate your skin and remove fine lines and creases in the process. However, it might take weeks of using a moisturizer before noticing the improvement.
Other ways you can prevent wrinkles include:
- Eat healthily
- Stop smoking
- Wash your makeup before sleeping
- Stay hydrated
- Avoid alcohol
- Wash your face after sweating heavily.
Causes of Wrinkles and Fine Lines
Aging commonly causes wrinkles, but some other factors cause wrinkles to appear earlier. The following are some of the causes of wrinkles:
As people age, the skin’s collagen and elastin networks, which support the skin and maintain elasticity, decline in efficiency. Similarly, skin moisture retention and oil secretion become less efficient, leading to dry skin. All these things combined lead to wrinkles. The rate of fat in the skin layers also decreases, leading to loose and saggy skin.
Squeezing of the Facial Muscles
Facial expressions like frowning, smiling, and others cause the contraction of the muscles under the skin. The efficiency of the collagen and elastin fibers assists the skin in returning to normal form.
However, as collagen and elastin drop in efficiency due to aging, the fine lines formed during the muscle contractions slowly become permanent, causing wrinkles.
Exposing your skin to ultraviolet radiation produced by the sun causes early wrinkling. UV radiation breaks down the elastin and collagen fibers and disorganizes collagen building. The continued renewing of these fibers causes wrinkles, and their efficiency drops every renewal period.
Smoking and Air Pollution
Healthy skin replaces worn-out collagen with new ones. Smoking, however, decreases the rebuilding of these fibers, and the fall in the amount of collagen in the skin affects the skin structure and elasticity, leading to wrinkling.
Also, dust, dirt, smoke, and other microscopic wastes released into the air can enter your skin. They can aid in the breaking down of collagen, and the effect will lead to wrinkles.
Treatment of Wrinkles and Fine Lines
You can treat skin wrinkles with the help of your dermatologist using the following treatment methods:
Using Topical Creams: topical creams like anti-wrinkle creams, which contain retinoids, will boost collagen creation and improve your skin hydration and texture, treating your skin wrinkles.
Fillers: fillers contain hyaluronic acid, which assists in lifting or filling your deep wrinkles and folds.
Laser Therapy: facial anomalies and damage caused by the sun will reduce by using laser skin resurfacing.
Dermabrasion: you can treat early wrinkles on your skin using dermabrasion, which involves scraping away some layers of your skin. You can also get some chemical peels to repair early-aging skin.
Botox Injection Therapy: Botulinum toxin type A medicine will stop facial muscle contraction signals, preventing wrinkles.
Surgery: you can tighten your facial tissue layers and get rid of extra fat and skin on your face through facelift surgery; this helps restore your fresh look.
When to See a Doctor
Visit your dermatologist instantly if your skin appearances start giving you concern. They will use the best method to treat your skin wrinkles after proper inspection.